European public law applies to the relationships between EU governing bodies and EU citizens as well as those between different institutions within a member state, various branches of governments and other relationships between EU citizens that are of concern to society. It comprises administrative law, tax law, criminal law and procedural law as well as constitutional issues that define these aspects of the legal system. Public law applies to relationships between an individual and the institutions of government and is contrasted with private law that refers to relationships between individuals.
EU public law executes the will of EU governing bodies through rules defined for the exercise of administrative activities. This can include privatization, the politicization of administrative bodies, the expansion of regulatory regimes as well as the rise of citizens’ participatory rights and making changes to methods of public management. These changes have broken up the standards and statutes of EU administrative and public law in recent times.